Ceylon Clove

Clove of commerce is the dried, fully grown but still unopened flower buds of the evergreen tree Eugenia caryophyllus of the family Myrtaceae. Clove oil obtained by the distillation of flower buds, inflorescence branches left after the buds have been removed, and the leaves is the other product of commercial value. It is a colourless or slightly yellowish liquid, becoming darker with age and exposure to the light. The clove tree is a medium sized symmetrically shaped tree with smooth grey bark. Fully grown trees are usually 15 - 20m tall.

Available Grades : Hand Picked, Grade 01, FAQ, Stems

Medicinal Value

Medicinal properties and health benefits of cloves.

  • The active principles in the clove are known to have antioxidant, anti-septic, local anesthetic, anti-inflammatory, rubefacient (warming and soothing), carminative and anti-flatulent properties.
  • The spice contains health benefiting essential oils such as eugenol. It is a phenyl-propanoids class of chemical compound which gives pleasant, sweet aromatic fragrances to the clove-bud. Eugenol has local anesthetic and antiseptic properties, hence; useful in dental care essentials as well as in treatment procedures.
  • The other important constituents in this spice include: essential oils: acetyl eugenol, beta-caryophyllene and vanillin, crategolic acid; tannins: gallotannic acid, methyl salicylate (painkiller); the flavonoids: eugenin, kaempferol, rhamnetin, and eugenitin; triterpenoids: such as oleanolic acid, stigmasterol and campesterol and several sesquiterpenes.
  • The active principles in the clove may increase gut motility as well as improve the digestion power through increasing gastro-intestinal enzyme secretions. Thus, helps relieve indigestion and constipation problems.
  • The spice also contains a good amount of minerals like potassium, manganese, iron, selenium and magnesium. Potassium is an important electrolyte of cell and body fluids that helps control heart rate and blood pressure. Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase.
  • Further, the spice buds contain very good amounts of vitamin A and beta-carotene levels. These compounds are known to have antioxidant properties. Vitamin A is also required by the body for maintaining healthy mucus membranes and skin in addition to essential for vision. Consumption of natural foods rich in flavonoids helps to protect the body from lung and oral cavity cancers.
  • Additionally, this spice is a good source of vitamin-K, vitamin-B6 (pyridoxine), thiamin (vitamin B-1), vitamin-C and riboflavin. Consumption of foods rich in vitamin C helps the body develop resistance against infectious agents and scavenge harmful oxygen-free radicals.

See the table below for in depth analysis of nutrients:

Cloves (Sygizium aromaticum), ground
Nutritive Value per 100 g.
(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)
Principle Nutrient Value Percentage of RDA
Energy 47 Kcal 2%
Carbohydrates 10.51 g 8%
Protein 3.27 g 6%
Total Fat 0.15 g 0.5%
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Dietary Fiber 5.4 g 14%
Vitamins
Folates 68 µg 17%
Niacin 1.046 mg 6.5%
Pantothenic acid 0.338 mg 7%
Pyridoxine 0.116 mg 9%
Riboflavin 0.066 mg 5%
Thiamin 0.072 mg 6%
Vitamin A 13 IU 0.5%
Vitamin C 11.7 mg 20%
Vitamin E 0.19 mg 1%
Vitamin K 14.8 µg 12%
Electrolytes
Sodium 94 mg 6%
Potassium 370 mg 8%
Minerals
Calcium 44 mg 4%
Copper 0.231 mg 27%
Iron 1.28 mg 16%
Magnesium 60 mg 15%
Manganese 0.256 mg 11%
Phosphorus 90 mg 13%
Selenium 7.2 µg 13%
Zinc 2.32 mg 21%
Phyto-nutrients
Carotene-ß 8 µg --
Crypto-xanthin-ß 0 µg --
Lutein-zeaxanthin 464 µg --